4 Common Conditions Causing Painful Testicles

Painful Testicles

The testis is the most sensitive and vulnerable part of men. Once injured by an external force, the pain can hardly be described and even lead to male infertility.

Testis and accessory tissues are concentrated in the scrotum, and the scrotum has a loose tissue structure and has a relatively large degree of activity. There is also a layer of capsule outside the testis, which can protect the testis and avoid damage. However, local kicking, car accidents, or crotch injuries can cause testicular pain.

Testicular lesions cause not all testicular pain, and they may also be related to other accessory gonadal organs.

Why do you have painful testicles except for injuries?

1. Epididymal orchitis

The epididymis is located at the testis’s upper and posterior margin, which can temporarily store sperm, which makes sperm mature rapidly. Epididymis and testis are often accompanied by infection, which is called epididymal orchitis, one of the main factors that lead to testicular pain. Acute epididymitis is related to bacterial infection. The scrotum on the affected side will be enlarged rapidly and painful. The pain will radiate down the abdomen and groin. Some patients will have nausea, vomiting, cold war, and high fever.

It is also possible that it is related to the virus, and the most common one is the mumps virus. Besides testicular pain, there are also headache and fever symptoms. As long as both testicles are infected with a virus, they will affect spermatogenic cells, which will cause male infertility. Chronic epididymitis does not have obvious symptoms in the early stage and will cause the testis to distort or ache when the condition is aggravating.

2. Prostatitis

Prostatitis patients have a significant pain of falling because when pelvic muscles contract and spasm, they send pain signals to the nerves that dominate the prostate. As long as there is obvious pain in the testis or other parts, it indicates that the prostate is seriously infected, containing many microorganisms and bacteria. The semen contains about 30% of the prostate fluid, which contains fibrinolytic enzymes that liquefy the semen and then release the sperm to combine with the egg.

However, prostatitis will affect the secretion of prostate fluid, and the secretion of active substances will be reduced, which will cause the semen not to liquefy, reduce sperm vitality, and lead to male infertility. So treatment is needed.

For both epididymal orchitis and prostatitis, antibiotics treatment can be effective in the early stage. If it is chronic, herbal medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill will have a better treatment effect. It can not only eliminate symptoms but also eliminate the cause of disease. It can also work on the whole reproductive system.

3. Testicular torsion

Testicular torsion is an emergency, only 6 hours of emergency time. Once more than 6 hours, it can cause testicular necrosis. People who do strenuous exercise are prone to testicular torsion, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and swelling or syncope of the scrotum. Once testicular torsion occurs, it is necessary to treat nearby, reset and fix it in time, and protect testis and spermatogenesis to the greatest extent.

4. Varicocele

Varicocele is a common disease in men, often occurs in adolescents. The patients with varicocele reflux are blocked, or the valve loses its function, which causes blood reflux, leading to the expansion and detour of the varicocele plexus. The scrotum on the affected side is swollen and has noticeable swelling and pain, especially excessive fatigue and aggravation after standing for a long time. Some patients also have sexual dysfunction and neurasthenia.

Varicocele often leads to male infertility. Because the blood circulation of the testis is not smooth, the blood of the vein is stagnated, the temperature of the local area is increased, which leads to the lack of oxygen in the testis, the content of the metabolites in the testis increases, and the spermatogenic cell production is affected, and male infertility will eventually result.


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